Dzong, sometimes written, Jong is a distinctive type of fortress architecture found in the present and former Buddhist kingdoms of the Himalayas: Bhutan and Tibet. The architecture is massive in style with towering exterior stone walls surrounding a complex of courtyards, temples, administrative offices, and monks accommodation. Trashigang Dzong is one of the massive Dzongs in East Bhutan.
The high inward sloping walls of brick and stone painted white with few or no windows in the lower sections of the wall is a very distinctive feature of Dzong. Red ochre stripe surround near the top of the walls, sometimes punctuated by large gold circles.The roofing style is Chinese-style and the massive entry doors are made of wood and iron.
The Interior courtyards and temples are brightly colored in Buddhist-themed art motifs such as the ashtamangala or swastika.The festive masked dance are usually held inside the Dzong.
By tradition, dzongs are constructed without the use of any architectural plans. Construction proceeds under the direction of a high lama who establishes each dimension by means of spiritual inspiration.In previous times the dzongs were built using corv�e labor which was applied as a tax against each household in the district. Under this obligation each family was to provide or hire a decreed number of workers to work for several months at a time (during quiet periods in the agricultural year) in the construction of the dzong.
Trashigang lies on the east side of the valley above the Drangme Chhu River just south of where it is joined by the Gamri River. Trashigang is the eastern terminus of the Lateral Road, Bhutan s main highway leading to Phuntsholing in the southwest.